Contributions of Knowledge and Intention to Deceive in Defining a Lie byMatthew W. Kirkhart, Loyola University, Maryland

When evaluating a listenerís reaction to a false statement, the effects of the speakerís knowledge that the statement was false, and the speakerís intention to make a false statement, were examined in relation to whether the false statement was perceived Ö Continue reading ?

Reconsidering Conscious and Unconscious Aspects of Thinking in Teaching Students How to Think by Seffetullah Kuldas, Negah Allahyar, Shahabuddin Hashim, Hairul Nizam Ismail, & Mohd Ali Samsudin Universiti Sains Malaysia

This article argues that unconscious thought processes should be taken into account to better understand what thinking means and how thinking works. Focusing solely on how conscious thought processes interfere with understanding prevents teachers from effectively teaching secondary and higher Ö Continue reading ?