Volume 56 - No. 2, Summer 2019
Relationship between University Readiness and Academic Achievement in a Sample of Undergraduate Students by Shukran Abd Rahman & Luqman Syafii Sofian
The purpose of this research was to study the level of university readiness among undergraduate university students in Malaysian Higher Learning Institutions (HLI); and to study the relationship between university readiness and academic achievement among undergraduate students. Data were gathered through responses of the University Readiness Scale from the participants who comprised of undergraduate students of one HLI. The findings answered the research questions addressed in line with the research objectives. The average level of University Readiness of undergraduate students in HLI is 77%, M=354 (SD=34.55). From the results, it is proven that University Readiness predicts academic achievement of the undergraduate students in Malaysian HLI. The results of the study are expected to help HLIs to design appropriate interventions that could prepare students to be highly ready for university education, which in turn leads to their better academic achievement. A better-prepared student will be able to acquire more competencies throughout their undergraduate program and be able to compete healthily in the job market.
Insomnia-Cognitive Behavior Therapy to Improve the Subjective Well-Being of University Students by Fuad Nashori, Sumedi P. Nugraha & Etik Dwi Wulandari
This study aimed to test the impact of cognitive-behavioral therapy of insomnia (insomnia-cognitive behavior therapy) on the improvement of the subjective well-being of students who had insomnia, either on the effective component or life satisfaction component. An experimental research method was used to obtain findings in this study. Subjects in this study were students who met the following criteria: early adult age (18-35 years), men and women, students diagnosed with medium and high psychogenic insomnia (based on the criteria of insomnia severity index (ISI)) students who belong to the dissatisfied and very dissatisfied categories (based on the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) score and, the values generated using the positive affect negative affect schedule (PANAS), students who have not enrolled for therapy or other insomnia related programs, and students who are not addicted to cigarettes, coffee, drugs, or alcohol. The hypothesis test was conducted using the Wilcoxon sign rank test. The measuring instrument used in this study was the scale of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Scale of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). The results of this study revealed that cognitive-behavioral insomnia therapy increases positive affect and lower negative affect in a person. The study also showed that cognitive-behavioral insomnia therapy does not improve student life satisfaction of students with sleep disorder insomnia.
Effectiveness of Online Learning on Critical Thinking Skills Among Students at Arab Open University by Dr. Rashida A. Ramadan
The challenge for instructors lies in successfully promoting studentsí critical thinking skills within the confines of a traditional classroom experience. Instructors are faced with large numbers of students. They are often forced to make instructional decisions between content coverage, depth of understanding and critical analysis of course material. This paper examines studentsí critical thinking skills before and after using a Learning Management System (LMS) at the Arab Open University (AOU). The results showed that the adoption of e-learning significantly improved studentsí critical thinking skills, with no significant differences among students based on gender or age. These findings suggest that e-learning is effective in enhancing studentsí critical thinking skills.
Exploratory Study on Experiences During Pranic Energy Transfer by Srikanth Nagaraja Jois, Manasa Bellal, Lancy DSouza, Moulya Ramesh, & Nagendra Prasad Krishna Murthy
Pranic healing is a complementary therapy which alters prana in the body. The present study seeks to understand the various sensations experienced by participants during pranic energy transfer. Exploratory research design with 47 participants were chosen for the study. Participants were guided to take the role of energizers and subjects one after another accordingly during healing. Participants healing sessions were followed by an open-ended questionnaire which recorded their experiences. The results were analyzed using Pearson Chi-Square and Contingency Coefficient Analysis. The subjects, 63.8% and 46.8% of energizers felt lightness in the body, 53.2% of subjects and 57.4% of energizers narrated temperature variation, 36.1% of subjects and 48.9% of energizers experienced magnetic sensation, 40.4% of subjects felt energy received sensation whereas 48.9% of energizers experienced energy projected sensation. Various sensations expressed by the participants during energizing were proved that pranic healing can alter oneís physiological state and this leads to wellness in the body.
Do We Need Screen Time Guidelines in Higher Education? by Matthew Metzgar
Abstract Screen time is increasing rapidly among college students. Faculty may be inadvertently adding to this with required online assignments, such as online homework or online discussion. This article asks what role faculty have in balancing the efficiency of online.
Arrogance, Humility, and Self-Efficacy among Islamic Senior High School Students by Ahmad Rusdi, Annisa Adya, Eliza Sutri Utami, Ery Yudhani & Yahya Sukaryadi
Humility is viewed as a unique character among Muslim students in Indonesia. Humility is reputed as an unconfident behavior, whereas, self-efficacy is essential to support academic achievement. The research used self-efficacy questionnaire (SEQ) by Erickson et al. (2016). Humility (taw?d?uí) and arrogance (takabbur) scales were constructed, created, and examined in this study. Humility (taw?d?uí) and arrogance (takabbur) were built with an Islamic perspective. The participants were 447 students from three Islamic senior high schools in Yogyakarta. Exploratory factor analysis found that humility has three components: exalting Allah (?= 0.814), respecting others (?= 0.919), and being humble to others (?= 0.910), and arrogance has two components: refusing the truth (?=0.934) and humiliating others (?=0.872). This study found exalting Allah (r=.388**), respecting others (r=0.214**), and humility (r=0.213**) correlated to self-efficacy. In contrast, arrogance does not correlate with self-efficacy and its components. No difference self-efficacy between very high arrogance and very low arrogance (p=0.947). The students with very high humility have a higher self-efficacy (Ķ=45.9979) than students with very low humility (Ķ=53.8788). Enhancing student humility may increase student self-efficacy.
A Procedure Hypothesized to Increase Emotional Intelligence by Dan Gollub, M.A.
Emotional intelligence (EI) includes accurate recognition of the emotions of oneself and others and the efficient use of that information to guide oneís thinking and behavior. People high in EI tend to have superior adaptive capabilities. Parallel processing in the brain allows the individual to simultaneously process incoming stimuli of differing quality. It is hypothesized that trying to engage in thinking effort while simultaneously trying to feel love can result in an increase in EI.
Elementary School Principals Development Program in Yogyakarta, Indonesia by Nurtanio Agus Purwanto & Husaini Usman
The purpose of this study was to analyze development program for elementary school principals in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. A sequential explanatory design was used in this study, by combining both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, direct observations, and documentation. The Interactive Analysis Model was used in data analysis. The results showed that the current development program for elementary school principals involved the making of regulations, setting up of standards, providing block grants, and improving professionalism. The success of a development program was influenced by the performance of the education office, school supervisor and principalís positive response, financial support, and fulfillment of minimum service standards in school programs. However, some factors contribute to limitation of success such as complexity of school administration, bureaucracy, demands for compliance with the National Education Standards, lack in principalís performance monitoring, and interpersonal relationships between the principals and school supervisors.
Gratitude (Shukr) and Acceptance (Ridha) as Foundations of Family Strength by Emi Zulaifah & Evelin Witruk
Many findings have suggested that religion contributes to family strength. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the contribution of gratitude and acceptance, as a psychological concept with relation to Islamic teaching, towards family strength. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods was used to obtain findings in this research study. A survey was conducted on 177 families, with 354 fathers and mothers and 291 children. This study utilized gratitude, acceptance, family environment and subjective well-being scales. The results of this study showed that gratitude and acceptance show consistent correlation with the well-being of family members and family climate. Further implications are discussed in relation to Islamic teachings and potential future study.
Shifting from Assessment of Learning to Assessment for Learning in Postgraduate Research by Dennis Zami Atibuni
Postgraduate students are terminally assessed through research. Depending on whether the students undertake research as an assessment by mastery orientation or performance orientation will determine whether the process serves as an assessment for learning or assessment of learning. In this conceptual review, it is argued that students who use mastery orientation to research pursue deep learning. Research serves as an assessment for learning; while students engaged in research through performance orientation pursue surface learning, and the process serves as assessment of learning. It is recommended that institutional policies and faculty practices should promote research as an assessment for learning rather than assessment of learning through fostering deep learning through mastery orientation.
The Impact of Leadership on Organizational Decisions by Dr. Zaffar Ahmad Nadaf
Organizations are confronted with numerous responsibilities and challenges, where decision making becomes essential. Effective and wise decision making are the product of deliberation, assessment and judgement. This paper investigates the difference between decision making style of college principals on the basis gender, length of service and academic qualification. A survey was conducted, wherein all the college principals (145) of Kashmir Valley, participated in the sample. The General Decision Making Style Survey designed by standardized by the researcher was used to ascertain the Decision-Making Styles. The results of the study revealed no significant association between decision making style and gender. However, significant associations were observed between decision making style of college principals in length of service and academic qualification.