Effect of Transformational Leadership on Employees’ Innovativeness and Job Satisfaction in Kuwait Private Sector

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Mohd. Mousa Mustafa Odeh, S. M. Ferdous Azam, Normy Rafida


Literature on leadership identifies that current transformational leadership styles are related to job satisfaction by varying degrees. Several studies have indicated that transformational leadership results in higher levels of job satisfaction. In consideration of the current Kuwait business market, the overall aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership styles and employees’ innovativeness and job satisfaction levels within the Kuwait private sector. A quantitative study was conducted to accomplish the objectives of the study. Questionnaires were administered to employees within the selected target population in the Kuwait private sector. The data received were analysed using statistical packages. The results of the study show that there are statistically significant relationships between overall transactional leadership, employees’ innovativeness and job satisfaction, overall transformational leadership and job satisfaction. This study is one of the limited research focusing on Kuwait private sector to help enhance the understanding of how best to manage and retain the employees in the private sector. These findings are also useful for private sector in the Gulf region to maintain the work-life balance of affective commitments, leading to positive in-role performances.

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