Digital fingerprinting: New opportunities for solving crimes?
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High technologies at the present stage of development of the world community have penetrated into all spheres of human activity. Considering the issue of digital methods of crime investigation, of course, forensic experts are faced with problems of their effectiveness. Today, most Western countries in the investigation of crimes use fingerprint examination, using technology, thereby reducing the time of investigation, ensuring efficiency. And yet, not all forensic specialists use these techniques when taking fingerprints, relying on the reliability and the usual proven practice of the classical method of fingerprinting. As you know, in the countries of the post-Soviet space, this method was used on the basis of scientific approaches developed by such scientists as E. Henry, A. Bertillon, G. Gross, E. Locard, etc. For example, the work of E. Henry formed the basis for fingerprint registration, since the scientific approach to the biological process of damage and restoration of the epidermis during the investigation of a crime, it is necessary to attach special importance, since papillary lines also have the property of recoverability. If the dermis is damaged, then the pattern is not restored in such an area. But the scars that appear at the same time, the scars themselves become the hallmarks of the pattern. For a century, forensic scientists have studied the sweat marks of handprints for identification, since each fingerprint is different. In this analytical article, the authors made an attempt to conduct an analytical review of the implementation practices of digital fingerprinting in different countries and study the extent to which the effectiveness of its application is possible.
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