THE HOLISTIC THERAPY FOR EFFECTIVE SERVICES FOR CHILDREN WITH ADHD IN KINDERGARTENS

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Nur Hayati, Suparno

Abstract

Uncontrolled behavior in children with special needs with ADHD is still a phenomenon because they have not received proper services. Parents and teachers need to find the right way to serve children with ADHD to optimize their potential from an early age. This study aims to determine the pattern of teacher services provided to ADHD children in kindergartens. The service pattern provided to ADHD children can help teachers provide stimulation in accordance with the children’s needs.This study was conducted in six kindergartens located in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta City, and Bantul Regency. The qualitative narrative method was employed in this study. The data of this study were collected through observation of ADHD children in six kindergartens and interviews with teachers. The research subjects were six children, and the data analysis technique used was the qualitative descriptive. The research results are divided into two parts. The first part is regarding the service pattern provided by teachers for children with ADHD with combined  presentation (inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity), predominantly inattentive presentation (inattention) and predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation. Meanwhile, the second part describes how the teachers treat children with ADHD while they are among their peers and the implication of holistic therapy given to ADHD children. The types of games given to ADHD children are mostly to practice logic, focus, and patience for example, games requiring gross motor and fine motor skills.

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