Policy Implementation of the Indonesian National Police through the Community Development of the “Back to School Movement” (B2SM) Program

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Dr. Eko Wagianto, Dr (Cd.) Taufiq Natsir, Dr. Jasruddin Daud Malago, Prof. Dr. Haedar Akib, Dr. Umi Farida


The phenomenon of school dropouts that is rife in Indonesia should be minimized. The dropouts mean to break the younger generation who will be the successor to the nation. This can be done with the cooperation of all elements of society. The cooperation in question is the role of families, neighbourhoods, schools, and the government is needed in tackling school dropouts. Departing from the fact that high dropout rates will be directly proportional to rising crime. Therefore, Mamuju Regency Government has initiated the “Back to School Movement” (B2SM) Program launched by the Police Mamuju, it is a humanitarian breakthrough that is rare, and even perhaps the only one in West Sulawesi province, or the only one in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze and explain the implementation of the policy of the Indonesian National Police in community development through the B2SM Program against school dropouts in Mamuju regency. This type of research is qualitative. The focus of this research is B2SM program implementation and its impact on parents and school children, as well as the determinants (support, inhibit) the implementation of the B2SM program. Data collection techniques are observation, interview and documentation. The analysis technique used is the interactive model which includes the presentation of the data, data condensation, verification/ conclusion. The study found that the program of Indonesian National Police Resort Mamuju, in community development, through B2SM Program implemented effectively. Effective implementation B2SM program is based on a "persuasive" and a "coercive" approach is applied. The impact is to reduce the dropout rate and increase awareness, both for parents and children dropping out of school about the importance of education and lifelong learning. Several factors support the implementation of the B2SM program, namely: community awareness, acceptance by a group of school children as targets, and the level of community participation, especially parents of school children. Meanwhile, the limiting factor is the socio-economic status of parents of school children, the socialization program, the partnership implementor, budget, facilities and infrastructure, and human resources involved in the B2SM program.

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