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Personality traits should vary depending on the demands and opportunities of learning environment. Cognitive ability is the major predictor of Personality traits. To investigate the associations between personality traits and cognitive ability, Big Five personality traits inventory and cognitive ability test were used. Objective used is to find out the significance and association of personality traits and cognitive ability based on class, sex and ordinal position. Null hypothesis is used for the study. Data were collected from 1200 higher secondary school plus one and plus two students of Kanyakumari district. T test and Pearson’s product moment correlation method were used for analysing the data. The study revealed that significant relationship between personality traits and cognitive ability based on sex and low correlation for class XII students. This study on association of personality traits and cognitive ability helps in improving learning environment of school students.
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