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A mobile ad hoc network (manet) is a structured network with different assembled nodes that connect with each other without any controller. A host and a router and communication between the nodes are present in the manet. usually, topology differs dynamically with the manet functionality, multi hop routing coupled with the free flow of the nodes in and out of the network.
The network nodes are mobile, so the topology of the network varies quickly, and they are arranged without restrictions. In manet, the different modes are detecting, processing, and communicating. The sensing node needs minimal battery energy, although more battery energy is required for the communication mode. The energy used by the network depends on the propagation range. The range of transmission expands exponentially with the propagation of the signal. The transmitting and receiving of data in wireless nodes are performed using a radio module. Energy is consumed to communicate between nodes. In crucial conditions, Manet’s optimal configuration is the best way to utilize the device's lowest power.
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