The effectiveness of the RAFT strategy in the achievement of fourth-grade literary students in the subject of history

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Lect. Zaid Alwan Abbas, Dr. Iqbal Mutashar Abd Al-Sahib


    The current research aims to know the effectiveness of the RAFT strategy in literary achievement among fourth-grade students in the subject of history, and to achieve this, the researchers chose a partial-controlled design for the research based on two equal groups and the researchers intentionally chose a sample of fourth-grade literary students in Al-Thaqalin High School affiliated to Diwaniyah Governorate Center for the academic year (2020-2021) for the first course, the study sample consisted of (40) students by (20) students for each group, the researchers are statistically rewarded between students of the two groups in a number of variables, namely (chronological age, intelligence, parents academic achievement, previous achievement of the history ).

     With regard to the research tool, the two researchers intended to build the research tool represented by an achievement test, in its final form consisting of (50) paragraphs, and the apparent validity, construct validity, discrimination coefficient and difficulty were calculated for this test, as for the reliability of the test, it was extracted by (Alpha Cronbach) method, reaching (0.88), and defined the scientific material in the first five chapters, and formulated the goals according to Bloom's classification of the six levels (knowledge, understanding, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation), where the number of goals reached (140) behavioral goals, he prepared teaching plans for the subjects to be taught in the history subject. The first researcher also studied the experimental and control research groups himself, starting from Tuesday 1/12/2020 until Wednesday, 2/17/2021.

     After analyzing the results statistically using (SPSS) and (Microsoft Excel), the results showed the superiority of the experimental group students who studied according to the RAFT strategy over the control group students who studied according to the usual method of achievement test.

      In light of the results of the research, the researchers recommended the possibility of using effective learning strategies, especially the RAFT strategy in teaching history to the fourth literary grade, because of its positive impact on raising students ’achievement levels, they also suggested conducting a study to demonstrate the effectiveness of the RAFT strategy in other variables and for other academic stages.

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