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This study aimed at developing teaching materials of Rejang language on the basis of literacy at elementary schools. Rejang language is a regional language used by Rejang’s community located in Bengkulu Province. This study combined between the R&D method developed by Borg and Gall and the material development model adopted from Jolly and Bolitho. There were six themes of literacy-based teaching materials with cultural literacy as the basic contents. Tests were conducted both theoretically and empirically. Theoretically, the tests were conducted by involving the experts of teaching materials, literacy, and Rejang language. Meanwhile, empirically, the tests were undertaken by means of one-to-one, small sample, and large sample tests. The evaluation of three experts resulted in the scores of 3.11, 3.48 and 3.75 with feasible and very feasible categories. Anchored in one-to-one and small sample tests on students, a depiction of students’ responses was obtained with the respective scores of 3.30 and 3.52 with high and very high categories. Meanwhile, teachers’ responses gained a score of 3.60 with a very high category. The large sample test resulted in students’ effectiveness with the percentage of 75% and learning results with the percentage of 65%. The t-test of class A resulted in the t value of 7.933, with db of 12, and with sig. or p-value of 0.000< 0.05, or it meant that H0 was rejected. Furthermore, the t-test of class B resulted in the t value of 6.560, with db of 12, and with sig. or p-value of 0.000< 0.05, or it meant that H0 was rejected.
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