Compared and Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunching Fibers to Be Used as a Roofing Material

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Kittisak Buasri , Prayoon Surin


The objective of this research is to study the Compared and Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunching fibers used as a Roofing Material. The roofing sheet material is produced like a corrugated. Regarding the process of producing, they use synthetic adhesive Polymeric Diphenylmethane Di-isocyanate resin (pMDI) , Urea formaldehyde resin (UF) and synthetic adhesive Phenol formaldehyde resin (PF),  5% and 10 wt%. The roofing sheet material has a density at 700 kg m-3 and 15 mm. thickness. After that, it is tested for physical, mechanical and Thermal properties, according to the Industrial Standards of TIS.876-2547,TIS 535-2556, JIS A 5908-2003 (8 type), ASTM D 256-2006a. The thermal properties are also tested, according to ASTM C 177-2010.The study reveals that oil palm empty fruit bunching fibers used as a roofing material can be pressed into an corrugated roofing material. They have required physical the properties, and mechanical the properties meet the Industry Standard TIS 876-2547and TIS 535-2556. The properties taken into consideration are; a density, moisture, water absorption, water leakage and thickness swelling, modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity resistance and impact strength. According to the study using three types of adhesives, it is found that synthetic Polymeric Diphenylmethane Di-isocyanate resin provides the best mechanical properties. For the thermal the properties, it is found that the thermal conductivity and resistance of the roofing sheet material use urea formaldehyde resin (UF) is better than the  properties.  


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