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This article discusses the wide range of possibilities of the old Uzbek language in the example of Navoi's work led linguists to study the linguistic features of the poet's legacy on a deep scientific basis, which led to theoretical conclusions about the phonetic-phonological, morpheme-morphological, lexical-semantic and syntactic levels of the old Uzbek literary language. For today's linguists, it is important to study the lexical structure of literary works before Navoi, to compare the lexicon of the ancient Turkic language, the Old Turkic language and the old Uzbek language, to study the history of the Uzbek language. Identifying semantic differences in the semantics of synonymous lexemes, the works of A. Navoi serve as one of the main sources in the study of the historical roots of the Uzbek language, as well as in the study of the lingvo-poetic potential of language units. The lingvo-poetic possibilities of assimilation synonyms used pleonastically in a verse or byte further clarify these views.
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