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Women constitute a segment of more than half of the population. In previous eras,
they represented a limited role in all areas of life due to the culture surrounding them
and the prevailing traditional view at the time.
There are many challenges that women faced, which prevented them from exploiting
their energies in assuming positions and responsibilities, whether administrative or
political. For centuries, women have suffered from the process of marginalization and
considered an inactive element in life, especially at the political level, but the situation
has changed after the occurrence of the revolution. The great French, which opened
the doors wide to the issue of human rights, including the rights of women, as well as
the emergence of feminist movements that called for justice for women and giving
them a role in political life as they represent a weight that may approach the weight of
men.In Iraq, women also had the largest share of marginalization due to the prevailing
culture in Iraqi society, which is characterized as a patriarchal culture influenced by
the customs and traditions of the society. However, Iraq was also affected by the
views of international social movements, especially women’s movements, and women
became an active role in social, economic and political life.
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