Social trust in the city of Birjand and the effect of religiosity on it

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Mohammad BagherAkhoundi, FroozanShamsi


Social trust is one of the social phenomena that plays a vital role in social relations, so it is
important to study the issue, especially since social trust has been significantly reduced in
society for a long time. The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of religiosity on the
social trust of the citizens of Birjand. The statistical population of this survey research
includes all citizens aged 15 to 65 living in Birjand. Using the "Cochran" formula, 384 people
are sampled and the sampling is done by multi-stage and simple random classification.
Findings indicate that 50.6% of Birjand citizens have little social trust in political, economic,
educational, religious and public institutions. There is also a direct and significant
relationship between religiosity and social trust; According to the results, social trust is most
affected by individual religiosity, which explains more than 31% of changes in social trust. In
addition, the test results of the model in multivariate regression analysis show that the
independent and contextual variables selected in this study explain a total of 32.2% of the
changes in the dependent variable, ie social trust.

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