Embitterment, Self-Efficacy and Mental Health Problems in private school teachers in Pakistan

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Maham Rubab & *Fariha Tariq


The current research is aimed to explore the predictive relationship between embitterment, self-efficacy and mental health problems in private school teachers.  Cross-sectional research design was used and a sample of 300 participants were selected through purposive sampling with the age range of 19 to 62 years (M, 31.00 SD, 7.90) and 150 men and 150 women. Three scales were used Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder (PTEDS), Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale- Short Form (DASS-21SF;). Results showed that workplace embitterment has a significant positive association with mental health problems and a significant negative association with self-efficacy in teachers. The current research findings  has important implications for educational authorities including school administrators and teachers in terms of helping teachers in dealing with workplace bullying and stress to enhance their professional growth and performance

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