Alexithymia and Perceived Social Support Among a Sample of Syrian Refugee Students in Jordan

Main Article Content

Mohammad H. Abood, Jehad M. Alaedein, Ahmad M. Gazo


The current study investigates the prevalence of Alexithymia, its association with gender, and the relationship between Alexithymia and perceived social support among a convenient sample of Syrian refugee students living in Jordan. The participants consisted of 169 Syrian refugee students, with 74 (43.8%) males; and 95 (56.2%) females. Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were used to collect study data.
Results revealed that the prevalence of Alexithymia in Syrian refugee students is (29.0%), with 13.6% in boys, and 15.4% in girls. Chi-square tests showed no gender differences with regard to Alexithymic category group. Additionally, results indicated a statistically significant (p < 0.001), variant negative relationship by gender between scales of Alexithymia (TAS-20) and Perceived social support (MSPSS), in males, higher - Alexithymia correlated significantly with less Perceived Social Support, specifically, Sub-scale of family (FA) and significant others (SO) social support showed the highest correlation, while in females, Sub-scale of friend (FR) social support showed the highest correlation. Moreover, stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that sub-scale 1 of Family (FA) Social Support was the only predictor of Alexithymia and accounted for a proportion of unique variance 42.8 % in males Alexithymia, while in females, sub-scale 2 of Friends (FR) Social Support (MSPSS) was the unique predictor of Alexithymia and accounted for 19.4% of the variance in (TAS-20). This study highlights the significance of maternal, paternal and peers support as a possible risk factor for the development of Alexithymia among Syrian refugee male and female adolescents.

Article Details