Parenting Styles, Thinking Styles, and Career Decision Self-efficacy in Gifted Adolescents

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Azkya Milfa Laensadi, Rose Mini Agoes Salim


This study examined the effects of adolescents perceptions of their own parents parenting styles and their thinking styles on their career decision self-efficacy. The study participants were 173 gifted high school students in 11th and 12th grade in Jakarta. The adapted Career Decision Self-Efficacy (CDSE) Scale-Short Form, Parental Authority Questionnaire, and Thinking Style Inventory were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using the multiple regression and Hayes PROCESS simple mediation model. It was found that the CDSE was significantly influenced by authoritative and permissive parenting styles and as well as by Type
1, Type 2, and Type 3 thinking styles. Mediation testing found that the thinking style variables significantly mediated some relationships between parenting styles and the CDSE. However, there were some limitations, for which the implications for further research are given.

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