Does Screen Time Decrease Students’ Physical Activity Levels During COVID-19 Pandemic?

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Dita Agustia et al.


This article aims to find out the relationship between screen time and student physical activity levels during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research was quantitative research with a case-control study design. The population in this study were 160 students of the Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universitas Negeri Surabaya. This study used structured questionnaires. This study used a short version of IPAQ containing seven questions that have been validated and used around the world. The statistical analysis used in this study was the Spearman correlation test and cross-tabulation test. The screen device most often used by respondents is a mobile phone (96.5%). The majority of respondents’ activity levels are in the high category (53.5%). A total of 81.6% of respondents had a normal body mass index. The majority of respondents do activity in front of the screen for >2 hours/day.  The coefficient correlation indicates a positive relationship (0.057) between screen time and physical activity level. There is no relationship between screen time and physical activity level (sig: 0.550). This result indicates that students have full awareness of physical activity, especially during pandemics. Although the screen time of respondents >2 hours in one day, their physical activity level is high. Screen time does not affect students to do physical activity because they have physical awareness. Awareness to increase physical activity can help to change the lifestyle to be healthier. It has a positive effect on a person’s health status.

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