Prevalence and Factors Associated with Khat Chewing Among Students of Jigjiga Teachers Training College, Ethiopia: A Crosssectional Descriptive Study

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Mohamed Abdi, Yonatan Tegene, Ephrem Habte, Tefera Tekle



Khat use is more prevalent among higher education students. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence and factors associated with khat chewing among students of Jigjiga Teachers Training College.



To achieve the objective, a cross-sectional survey design was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 275 students were included in the study. The required sample was proportionally allocated and stratified based on the field and year of study, and they were selected by using a simple random sampling method. Data was entered to EPI DATA-3.1.0 and then exported to and analyzed using SPSS-23. The data analysis involved descriptive (mean, mode, frequency distribution) and inferential statistics (bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models).



The study found that the current prevalence of khat chewing is 26.4. Being male (AOR=4.05, 95% CI: (1.645-9.967), second year (AOR=4.117, 95% CI: (1.498-11.315), having monthly pocket money greater than or equal to 1000 birr (AOR=9.379, 95% CI: (2.880-30.540), being urban resident (AOR=3.302, 95% CI: (1.371-7.952), living off-campus (AOR=4.833, 95%CI: (1.920-12.163), having chewer family member (AOR=4.174, 95% CI: (1.725-10.102), having a chewer friend (AOR=7.352, 95% CI: (3.110-17.376) and belief that khat helps to study better (AOR=3.474, 95% CI: (1.448-8.331) were found to be significantly increasing the odds of current khat chewing.



A significant proportion of students chew Khat. Being male, second year student, urban resident, having more pocket money, residing outside campus, having a khat chewing family member and friend, and the belief that khat helps to study were found to be associated with khat chewing..

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