Psychosocial Characteristics of Smokers: A Case Study of Student Smokers in Saudi Arabia

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Abdulaziz Saleh Almutawa et. al.


The purpose of this study is to fill the gap in knowledge about the psychosocial characteristics of college student smokers. The
sample consisted of 25 male students in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University. The age of the participants ranged from 19 to
23 years, with the mean age of 20.82. Using case study methodology, socioeconomic and psychological assessments were
administered. The results revealed that 56% of students struggled with academic stress, which was a strong reason for smoking
and increased number of cigarettes per day. 50% of students smoke because of the feelings of anxiousness and meaninglessness.
48% of the students smoke because of curiosity, and 36% because of isolation and living away from their parents. 22% of students
tried to quit but relapsed. The study initial psychological evaluation compared smokers’ disorder in multiple dimensions, daily
smoking, substance abuse, lack of exercise, exam anxiety, guilt, cognitive dysfunction, behavioral issues, images, interpersonal
relationship, and sensation. However, it was concluded that smoking influences students with low academic performance while it
is noticeably associated with academic stress, and smoking cessation and prevention programs are needed to improve students’
academic performance and overall well-being.

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