Mapping of Food Security Based on Natural Disaster Mitigation in Serang Regency, Banten Province, Indonesia
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Natural disasters are one of the threats to food security in every region in Indonesia. Serang Regency is one of the areas in Indonesia that is prone to natural disasters. One of the sectors most impacted by this disaster is the agricultural sector, because this agricultural sector determines food security in the area and can affect the socio-economy of the local community. Therefore, this research is interested in making a food security mapping based on natural disaster mitigation in Serang Regency. This is done as an effort to mitigate natural disasters in analyzing and determining policies to minimize the risk of disasters that will occur. The method used in this research is the mix method with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Based on the results of the analysis, it was found that Serang Regency has a moderate trend of food security where there are 136 villages (42%) with a level of Little Food Vulnerability, 116 villages (35%) at the Food Resistant level and 28 villages (9%) at the Very Food Resistant level. Villages with food insecurity being the first priority (Very Vulnerable to Food) were 5 villages (2%) and 40 villages (12%) were at the Food Vulnerability level. This shows that it is not yet at the very food resistant level. However, food security in Serang Regency continues to increase. This is indicated by the existence of grocery stores, food stores and restaurants as a means of marketing agricultural products which continue to increase every year. In this case, the mitigation efforts undertaken by the government are appropriate and need to be improved again in minimizing the impact of the risk of natural disasters.
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