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The current research aims to identify the dyscalculia for the sixth-grade primary students. As well as, the mental perception of the sixth-grade primary students, and the nature and direction of the correlation between dyscalculia and mental perception among the sixth-grade primary students. The research sample consisted of (240) male and female students from the sixth students, distributed among eight schools from the education of first Rusafa schools. Moreover, to verify the research objectives, two scales were prepared, one for dyscalculia and the other for mental perception, and testing the psychological characteristics, under which the two scales became ready for application and in their final form. The items for both of the dyscalculia and mental perception scale reached (24) items, and the researchers used the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyze the study results. Finally, the results indicated that the sixth-grade primary students in the General Directorate of the education of first Rusafa had no dyscalculia and no deficiency in mental perception, as well as there was a positive correlation between dyscalculia and mental perception, and the researchers presented a set of recommendations and proposals.
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