The Impact of King Abdullah’s the second liberal Ideology on Jordanian Policy from 2011-2021.

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Prof. Fayez Sharari Alzuraigat. , et. al.


This study discussed the impact of HM the King's liberal trends on Jordanian politics for the period from 2011 to 2021 by relying on the Supreme Throne Speeches as a primary source. The speeches are essential in several aspects, especially in monitoring Jordanian domestic & foreign policy trends, and defining its future milestones.  The study aimed to determine the extent of the contribution of the Supreme Throne Speeches in shaping liberal trends in Jordanian politics, internally and externally. Shedding light on the nature of liberal trends, and the reflection of their impact on Jordanian politics introduces us to the mechanisms and methods indicated by His Majesty, which are pushing for the formulation and crystallization of the liberal trends of various Jordanian state institutions, in a manner that serves the orientations of Jordanian foreign policy. The study concluded that the Supreme Speeches of the Throne have the most important role in shaping the liberal orientations of the Jordanian domestic and foreign policy, and a step forward toward the economic reform and the acceleration of integrating  into the liberal global economy, thanks to the royal directives that touched various liberal aspects, in a manner consistent with the constants and objectives of foreign policy, according to the  vision His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al Hussein, may God preserve and protect him.


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