THE PUBLIC SPHERE IN AMMAN: FROM CAFES TO NETWORKS: FROM 1920 TILL 2020
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This study aimed to explore the meaning of public sphere and the development of its forms in Amman. It aimed to explore the way it developed and its role in democratic political engagement since the beginning of 1920s till the year 2020. It aimed to explore that since the establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan. It focus on three types of public sphere in Amman (i.e. old cafes, newspapers and networks).
The researcher adopted a descriptive approach. She tracked the history of the development of the forms of the public sphere in Amman. It was found that the term (public sphere) emerged in Amman in various forms. Such forms include: old cafes, newspapers and networks. It was found that the term (public sphere) in Amman developed due to the social developments and economic, political and technological changes. The forms of the public sphere are connected with each other.
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