The Development of Foreign Education in Egypt from the Year 1922-1952 (Historical Study)

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Noor Saadi Issa, Wasan Saeed Al-Karawi


 Foreign education has received unparalleled encouragement from the ruling elite in Egypt since the days of Muhammad Ali, whose policy encouraged the coming of foreigners to Egypt to seek help from them as foreign agents to sell his products in European markets, and as a result of his need for foreign technical expertise to support his major projects, whether in the army, in agriculture, irrigation or Industry or education The successors of Muhammad Ali also adopted the same policy by providing financial and in-kind assistance to it, and this resulted in an increase in the number of foreign schools and the prosperity of foreign education in Egypt during the following years. This education was independent from the state and not subject to its authority, and it was not possible for education to remain a state within a state without supervision or oversight by the state, because general conditions in Egypt began to necessitate some types of foreign education to change their curricula so that its students could sit for state examinations and enroll. Government jobs. As foreign schools graduated students every year who mastered the language, history, civilization and culture of Western countries and knew nothing about their homeland in which they lived, so foreign education in its schools was far from the aspirations of the state and the needs of the people and lacked national guidance, and for that the state took care at the official level of the need to supervise schools Foreign education in Egypt. Indeed, I issued Decree No. 38 of 1948, through which I was able to supervise all foreign education schools.

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