Abilitation Of A Child With Infantile Cerebral Paralysis By Means Of Diagonal Gymnastics
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The relevance of the research is due to the fact that the majority of children suffering from infantile cerebral paralysis, with untimely and non-systematic treatment, are characterized by a sharp decrease in the rehabilitation potential and opportunities for social adaptation. At the same time, not all existing methods are universal for the physical abilitation of the existing variety of cerebral paralysis forms and the accompanying multiple motor disorders. It is also necessary to consider that for a large group of children with the consequences of infantile cerebral paralysis, the individual method is often the only acceptable, since it requires the teacher to concentrate on only one person. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop individual rehabilitation trainings aimed at abilitatoin of a child with cerebral paralysis and experimental substantiation of the effectiveness of their impact on the child's motor functions. The main research methods were: theoretical analysis of literary sources; pedagogical observation; motor abilities test (modified Tardier scale, goniometry (Thomas and Duncan-Ely tests), global motor function assessment system (GMFCS)). The article presents the methodology of individual trainings with a child suffering from infantile cerebral paralysis, which includes diagonal gymnastics, stretching exercises, breathing exercises, passive-active exercises and massage. The content of the trainings was structured and included the preparatory part (massage and passive physical exercises), the main part (diagonal gymnastics, stretching exercises, exercises aimed at developing muscle strength with resistance and load, fitball gymnastics) and the final part (breathing exercises). The developed set of individual trainings showed their effectiveness, which resulted in a steady decrease in pathological symptoms, which were manifested in the normalization of muscle tone, the extinction of the labyrinth tonic reflex, which was manifested in the ability to hold the head upright and decrease the flexion tonic plants of the legs. The materials of the article are of practical value for adaptive physical training instructors specializing in rehabilitation of children with the consequences of infantile cerebral paralysis.
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