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Shapoor Etehadnezhad1 , Abdolkhalegh GHolami CHenarestan Olya,Karamollah Daneshfard


With regard to the trend of globalization, organizations have no choice but to join global networks, and the
requirement to do so is to create necessary readiness, which is an inevitable necessity, in every way. One of
the tools needed to be prepared is the IT factor by utilization of which we will be able to travel this path
faster. Nowadays, information technology and its unique role in educational systems is something that has
attracted the minds of managers, policy-makers and administrators of the world's educational systems. The
purpose of this study is to identify the aspects and factors affecting the IT utilization in Education. In this
study, Delphi method and library method were used to collect data. In terms of the nature of the data, this
research is a qualitative one. Therefore, key aspects and factors influencing the IT utilization in Education
have been identified firstly by studying books, references, papers, previous research and related models and
discovering the meanings, attitudes, priorities and researchers' perceptions regarding the aspects and factors
influencing the IT utilization were conducted using analysis of content method.
In this method, initial codes were extracted by repeatedly reviewing related papers and research at the first
step. Different codes were categorized in the framework of (secondary) sub-contents at the second step.
Reviewing the contents was made at the third step. This step involved two stages of reviewing and refining
the contents. The first stage involves a review at the level of coded abstracts and the second one involves the
validity of the contents in relation to the dataset. In the next step, the contents were named according to their
semantic relationship with the theoretical foundations of the research. At the last step, based on all the
contents identified, a more general classification was made based on the level of their analysis that led to the
creation of the main content and finally the target question was answered based on the findings resulted
from this analysis. To answer the research question, 72 contents were extracted by repeatedly reviewing
related papers and research. After extracting the metrics, the researcher classified the metrics in searching
for the factors, with the assumption of how different primary metrics could be combined to create the
factors, and the factors were identified by combining them. After generating the factors based on primary
extracted codes (metrics), the researcher classified the metrics in searching for the components, with the
assumption of how the factors could be combined to create the factors, and has identified the factors by
combining them. Finally, the researcher has categorized the factors and identified the main aspect by
combining them. The statistical population of this research includes IT and human resources managers and
involved persons of General Office for Education of Fars province that were selected by cluster random
sampling method. As a result of the analysis, IT components are: hardware infrastructure, software
infrastructure, security, information systems, IT applications, juridical-legal-ethical, human resource,
organizational structure, managerial-political, environment, financial-economic and social- cultural.

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