The concept of rhetoric and the reality of miraculousness At Al-Khattabi.

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Antar Gacem, Derradji Saidi


The Arabic rhetoric has defined numerous figurative expressions in which efforts, opinions, and trends have converged for its establishment and the completion of its discussions. Perhaps the most important factor that contributed to the emergence of rhetorical studies and the deepening of its inquiries is the Quranic text, around which various studies revolved. It became the focal point of study in many Islamic Arabic sciences, including rhetorical studies. This field sparked extensive debates about the nature of eloquence in the Quran, the contemplation of its statements, its secrets, and inquiries into the reasons for the diversity of speech, the foundations of its rhetoric, and the various modes of expression and composition. This led to the beginning of the establishment of a scientific approach dedicated to studying the eloquent aspect of the Quran.

Eloquence is one of the most important sciences that help in understanding the Quran, its miracles, and appreciating the beauty of its extraordinary qualities in words, meanings, style, and composition (prosody), which began with Imam Al-Khattabi and culminated in the theory of Abdul Qahir Al-Jurjani.

As we approach this topic for study, we are faced with an important problem: What is the concept of eloquence according to Imam Al-Khattabi, and what is the reality of the eloquent aspect? What new insights have emerged in rhetorical studies?

The aim of this research is to attempt to clarify the concept of eloquence according to Al-Khattabi in the fourth century Hijri and explain the secret of rhetorical eloquence in the Quranic text.

Based on the hypothesis and its expected results, the miraculous studies, which began with theologians, especially the Mu'tazilites such as Al-Jahiz, Abu Isa Al-Ramani, Al-Qadi Abdul Jabbar, and Al-Zamakhshari, and then the Ash'aris, such as Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani and Abdul Qahir Al-Jurjani, have all made valuable contributions to this field. However, this subject still requires someone with a deeper understanding and more comprehensive perspective.

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