Medical Scientists in the Umayyad and Abbasid Periods

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Dahmoun Mouna


The flourishing of Arab culture during the Umayyad and Abbasid eras was attributed to the awareness of Muslims, following their interactions with other cultures such as the Persian and Roman, regarding the need to transfer the scientific treasures of these nations. Muslims were interested in translating various ancient sciences, such as medicine and chemistry, from Greek, Persian, and Indian into Arabic. They found their opportunity in the schools prevalent between the Tigris and Euphrates and neighboring lands. Based on the foregoing, this article aims to present the most important Muslim physicians who emerged in the second Hijri century and attempt to portray the role of physicians and their innovations during that period.

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