Psychology and Education Journal 2024-06-13T11:55:16+00:00 Open Journal Systems <h2><strong>PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION (ISSN: 1553-6939)<br /></strong></h2> <div class="row" style="border: 1px solid grey; padding: 5px; text-align: justify;">Dear Authors and Researchers,<br />We would like to inform you that the U.S. ISSN Center at the Library of Congress has confirmed that the correct ISSN number of the Journal <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> is ISSN 1553-6939. This ISSN is to be used instead of ISSN 0033-3077 which is the ISSN that belongs to the former title, “<strong>Psychology</strong>.” Each time a journal undergoes a major change of title a new ISSN is assigned. <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> also has been assigned a Linking ISSN (ISSN-L). The ISSN-L is available for use when there is a need to identify and link to a continuing resource without regard to format, for example in services such as OpenURL, library catalogues, search engines or knowledge bases. The next issue of <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> will be published with ISSN 1553-6969. But the previous ISSN will be also available in the ISSN Portal to retrieve the record for <strong>Psychology</strong> because it remains the identifier for the former title <strong>Psychology</strong> and the articles published under that title.</div> <div class="row"> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Arts and Languages, Humanities, Social Sciences, Management and Economics, Law and Political Sciences, Sports Sciences, Psychology, Education Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, History, Philosophy, Media and Communication, Science and Technology, Engineering.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Psychology and Education</strong> <strong>(ISSN: 1553-6939)</strong> is a quality journal devoted to basic research, theory, and techniques and arts of practice in the general field of psychology and education. <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> is published bimonthly. There are numerous papers on important aspects of psychology and education which can find no place in the professional literature. This journal is dedicated to filling this void.<br />Preparation of manuscripts: In formal aspects, the manuscripts should follow closely the general directions given in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition). EXCEPTIONS: All data in photographs, tables, drawings, figures and graphs must be simplified and stated in the RESULTS section of the paper. All papers must be formatted in MSWord, typed, Times New Roman font #12, double-spaced, with 1 inch margins, and submitted electronically or printed manuscript in original copy. Manuscripts must be accompanied by an abstract of about 70-100 words. The manuscript and abstract should conform to the American Psychological Association Manual Style, 6th Edition.<br />Given the present trends in the publishing industry and to reach the global audience without any restrictions, we have opted to move the journal from subscription-based to Gold open access.<br />A shift in this mode has certain benefits:</p> <ul> <li>Increased usage and citation</li> <li>Easy compliance with institutional and funder mandates</li> <li>Retention of copyright by authors</li> <li>Greater public engagement</li> <li>Faster impact</li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Psychology and Education</strong>, the Editor, nor the Board of Editors (individually or collectively), assumes no responsibility for statements of fact or opinion in the papers printed. Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions. Advertising rates supplied on request. Books for review should be sent to the Editor.<br />Articles in <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> are listed in PsycINFO, American Psychological Association (APA), Scopus,, and shared with other websites, and numerous gratis copies are mailed to the Library of Congress, EBSCO subscription services, and universities in developing countries overseas.</p> </div> Students' attitudes towards digitization measures approved by the Ministry of Higher Education in Algeria -A field study of a sample of students of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Saida University 2024-06-09T13:13:45+00:00 KRIM Amina <p>This study aimed to find out the attitudes of students towards the digital transformation of higher education in Algeria, to determine the nature of students' attitudes, a questionnaire was built that measures their attitudes towards the following dimensions (digitization of teaching methods, digitization of the library, digitization of services, digitization of administration), and presenting it to a sample of university students at Saida University, where the sample included 90 students, and the study found that there are positive trends towards digitization in the teaching process and digitization of university libraries and towards digitization of services and digitization of university administration, And activating the continuous training of all actors in the higher education system (professors, students and administrators) to achieve effectiveness in digital transformation, while providing the necessary physical and technological infrastructure to achieve this goal.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Organizational development - its areas and reasons for its application in an economic organization 2024-06-09T13:18:16+00:00 BRAHMIA Sonia <p>Organizational development is an extension of the behavioural school of thought, which considers the success of organizations by managing the behaviors of the organization. This includes all behaviors, values, and attitudes that individuals and leaders bring to the organization, which subsequently become components of the organization's culture. One may observe that there are organisations that are less bureaucratic and open, which foster comfort and transparency among their employees. In contrast, there are more bureaucratic and stratified organisations where individuals are evaluated according to job grade, there is a lack of communication and dialogue among employees, and so on. When examining these behaviours, it can be concluded that the behaviour of leaders is the primary guide to the behaviour of individuals. Consequently, in order to change the culture of the organisation, it is necessary to change the behaviour of leaders.&nbsp; Organisations differ in their understanding and application of OD. Some organisations adopt a comprehensive approach to OD, encompassing all aspects of development. Others adopt a more limited approach, limiting OD to specific aspects. This is due to the level of maturity of the organisations in question.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 The Arab rhetorical lesson from the renewed vision to the modern linguistic approach -Writings of Mohammed Al-Omari 2024-06-09T13:25:41+00:00 Saida Sadoudi <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; Rhetoric is one of the sciences that has not yet matured or burned out. Until now, the rhetorical lesson is still characterized by movement and renewal. Its issues are not fixed and its methods are not stable.</p> <p>Rhetoric is viewed as one of the most important heritage subjects in terms of its richness and its scientific and cognitive values. Thanks to it, great steps have been made striving for building a vital rhetorical model where the traditional interacts with the modern, based on the innovative vision and the linguistic approaches.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Relative intergenerational deprivation in Algeria 2024-06-09T13:35:09+00:00 Seddiki Abdennour <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This exploratory research deals with the phenomenon of relative deprivation, which belongs to social psychology mainly, where we tried to identify the features of the phenomenon in general, pointing to its historical origins, and most important its circulation, taking into account the objective conditions for its establishment, it has been proven that relative deprivation generates another phenomenon worthy of attention is «collective action» In our research, we have pointed out that collective action resulting from relative deprivation pushes individuals to adopt the approach of social movements in the West; however, we doubted that this would happen smoothly in the third flag countries like Algeria.</p> <p>The research also went in part to the literary divisions related to relative deprivation, in the end, we outlined several observations in the formulation of two hypotheses, we tried to analyze them as allowed by the denominator and we worked to frame them with theories we saw appropriate in our estimation.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Academic media training programs in the digital media environment “between change and adaptation” A field study in department of media and communication sciences at the university of msila, batna 1, setif 2 2024-06-10T11:06:08+00:00 Merwa Khenti ,Saida himeur <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;This research paper aims to assess the extent of changes in media training programs within academic institutions in the digital media environment and the degree to which these programs adapt to this environment. Continuous development and change in information technology and communication have led to the emergence of the digital environment, which is considered a new environment and a fundamental pillar in various fields. Media and its practice have become associated with it, giving rise to what is known as digital media, which effectively operates in the virtual digital environment. This necessitates the consideration of academic media training as the main logic for media work in its various types and fields, relying on descriptive methodology and using observation and interview tools. Our study sample consisted of professors from the Department of Media and Communication Sciences at the University of M’sila, Batna 1 University, and Setif 02 University, totaling 20 professors. It was found that the content of training programs is still not keeping pace with the digital media environment, although the use of digital tools has begun within the framework of implementing these programs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2024-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE LEVEL OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS ATTENDING MIDDLE SCHOOL: FIELD STUDY AT SBIHI BELKACEM MIDDLE SCHOOL - SETIF PROVINCE – 2024-06-10T11:08:38+00:00 Zahra Layachi , Belkacemi Mohammed Lazhar <p>The current study aimed to reveal the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents attending middle school stage, as well as the significance of differences in the level of aggressive behavior among sample members according to the variable of gender and academic level. The study sample consisted of 261 adolescents studying at Sbihi Belkacem Middle School - Setif Province -, Their ages range between 12 and 17 years, and they were randomly selected. The study relied on the descriptive approach. The aggressive behavior scale for adolescents by Amal Baza, standardized in the Algerian environment by Samia Ibriam, was also used. The study concluded that:</p> <ul> <li>The level of aggressive behavior among teenagers attending middle school is low.</li> <li>There are no statistically significant differences in the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents attending middle school according to the gender variable.</li> <li>There is a statistically significant difference in the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents attending middle school according to the academic level variable in favor of fourth year middle school students.</li> </ul> 2024-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE FAMILY'S RESPONSIBILITY TO PROVIDE CULTURAL SECURITY FOR CHILDREN 2024-06-10T11:10:46+00:00 Dr. Ait Mouhoub Mahammed, Dr. Lasfer Mohamed <p>Through this article, we aim to emphasize the role and responsibility of the most important institution of social upbringing, represented by the family, in protecting children culturally, especially in light of the fierce attack of globalization on the cultures of societies, especially backward ones, as it threatens their existence, entity, and identity, through the various values that it works to disseminate in various ways. Multiple, such as education, sports, and various media, especially social media networks, which today occupy a large space in the lives of individuals and societies alike. Therefore, the family must bear seriously the necessity of facing the challenge associated with providing cultural security for its children in its various aspects. Religious, ideological, educational, and economic, as well as education on the proper use of the Internet in general, and social networking sites in particular.</p> 2024-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 COMMUNICATION IN SECURITY CRISES MANAGEMENT (SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES OF MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE FACEBOOK AS A MODEL) 2024-06-10T11:15:35+00:00 Mourad Belyacine, Malika Atoui <p>Countries and institutions are exposed to many crises, which require taking decisions and actions at the administrative and communication level. Given the development of the role of new media in all its forms in our daily lives, it has prompted various public and private organizations in Algeria to create accounts for them through social media networks. In our study, we address communication and the security crisis under the title: (Communication in Security Crisis Management (Social Networking Sites of the Ministry of National Defense (Facebook as a Model 2020)), by examining all the stages of preparing communication plans to achieve the goals that have been set, and analyzing the contents of the Facebook page posts to the Ministry of National Defense.</p> 2024-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 GRAFFITI AND POLITICAL CHANGE IN THE ARAB WORLD (ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE SEMANTICS OF GRAFFITI DISCOURSE IN ALGERIA) 2024-06-10T11:44:33+00:00 Dr. Hanane Hammadi, Dr. Ramzi Farah <p>Graffiti constitutes a network of linguistic and non-linguistic symbols and signs woven by the graffiti, which gives them meanings and connotations according to his cultural and social system. This practice (graffiti) has become closely linked to the political and change revolutions with all their ideological aspects and the Arab Spring in general, and the Algerian popular movement of 2019 proved this, as this practice overshadowed the walls of... Cities were made into a marginal public space to present ideas and trends with a revolutionary, change-oriented approach. This is because of their power to influence public opinion on the one hand, and on the other hand the ease of accessing this space with all freedom and anonymity to simulate political reality in all its details. From this standpoint, this research paper came to address the topic of the connotations of political graffiti discourse in Algeria through the approach of political anthropology as one of the approaches that was absent in dealing with the topic.</p> 2024-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Otherness and exclusion in De purs hommes by Mohamed Mbougar Sarr 2024-06-11T04:59:17+00:00 Mecheri Meriem <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In the current global context and with the increasing number of debates around gender issues, literature offers a wide area of reflexion on the question of sexual identities. This paper proposes an analysis of the highlighting of “non-standard” sexualities and the process of exclusion due to sexual otherness in Mohamed Mbougar Sarr’s novel <em>De purs hommes</em>. It is a fiction that examines the existence of sexual minorities within a hostile and discriminatory heterosexist system, inviting to rethink the relationship between these communities and the rest of the society. Here, it is a question of demonstrating the treatment of the theme of homosexuality and the social exclusion that results from it.</p> 2024-06-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Global Quality Standards and Their Role in Enhancing Organizational Performance in the Context of Foreign Partnership" Case Study: National Drilling Enterprise "ENAFOR" located in Hassi Messaoud Algeria - 2024 2024-06-11T05:10:25+00:00 BIA AYMEN, BELARBI Ghania <p>Global changes are accelerating, affecting businesses worldwide, with no <br>country immune to globalization. Algeria, in particular, is experiencing <br>significant economic and social changes, driven by globalization and various <br>supportive measures. The Algerian market is welcoming and opportunistic, <br>leading to the creation of new businesses and attracting international investors. <br>Emphasizing customer satisfaction, a new generation of managers is emerging, <br>focusing on quality management systems like ISO 9000, 9001, 14001, and <br>45001 to achieve efficiency and excellence. These standards help businesses <br>meet customer needs, avoid errors, and improve processes cost-effectively. In <br>Algeria, quality management is crucial for meeting the demands of an <br>increasingly discerning clientele, and many Algerian business leaders are <br>adopting these systems to enhance performance and customer satisfaction, <br>aiming to consistently provide superior quality products to Algerian consumers.</p> 2024-06-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 The phenomenon of school violence between theoretical perceptions and actual practices from the point of view of the counsellors of school and vocational guidance - field study on a sample of counsellors of school and vocational guidance in the state o 2024-06-11T05:14:38+00:00 Hanane Feniche,Henen Abdelkebir, Fatima Hadjkhellouf <p>The study aimed to explore the phenomenon of school violence between <br>theoretical perceptions and actual practices from the perspective of school <br>guidance and counseling advisors using a descriptive exploratory approach. A <br>random sample of 31 school and career guidance counselors from the state of <br>Bordj Bou Arréridj was selected. To achieve the study's objectives, a <br>questionnaire was constructed, and its psychometric properties were confirmed. <br>The following statistical methods were used: frequency and percentages. In <br>conclusion, the study made several recommendations, including the necessity of <br>intensifying training sessions for school guidance and counseling advisors to <br>equip them with the necessary competencies and skills to deal with students. <br>Additionally, it emphasized the importance of opening communication channels <br>between the school and the family to address various student issues.</p> 2024-06-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 The Role of Education in Promoting Citizenship Values through Algerian School Curricula 2024-06-11T05:21:16+00:00 Idiou Leila Sucharitha <p>This research paper examines the role of education in the development of <br>citizenship values among young people, and the curricula that promote these <br>values. It also questions the implications of the adoption of citizenship values on <br>the practices of individuals in contemporary societies and the importance of the <br>Algerian school to pay the utmost attention to the subject of citizenship and its <br>social and political practice in order to face the challenges of the era. This is <br>because the status, dignity and source of pride of the citizen is linked to the unity <br>of the homeland and its security, social and political stability.</p> 2024-06-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 The Role Of Marketing Management In Investing In The Sports A Field Study At The Level Of The Clubs Of The Premier Professional Football League 2024-06-13T11:49:04+00:00 HAMANI IBRAHIM, MANSOURI NABIL , SACI ABDELAZIZ , ZAOUI ABDESLAM , MAZARI FATAH <p>The study aims to know the important roles of marketing management and investment in sports clubs, especially in football, as it is the marketing field that absorbs the most money and marketing, with the selection of Algerian professional clubs, especially with the beginning of the lack of public funding that was affecting all clubs, and ways to search for methods of corporate investment and private financing in There has been an absence of a marketing culture for clubs and advertising for sports companies, and in view of the current management of professional clubs in general being characterized by a superior ability to perform precise financial and administrative management, as well as in terms of following up on the management of sports management and the movements of administrators, it requires it to take a suitable place for integrated management, and for this reason it has become necessary for administrators. Cognitive familiarity with modern scientific foundations while selecting principles or effective elements to achieve their desired goals. This is the goal that Algerian clubs have been striving to achieve since the enactment of the laws of sports professionalism to its application on the field, whether in terms of human, administrative or financial management. In light of this, our study came to clarify the relationship between marketing management and investment in Algerian professional clubs in managing funds, including inputs and outputs, and how they behave in light of the lack of government funding, and what are the strategies for searching for investment funding sources for this in terms of advertising and marketing. In the field part of the study, a sample of 04 Algerian clubs in the First Premier Division and 04 clubs in the Second Premier Division. A questionnaire form was designed for administrators, as well as an interview with the heads of the clubs of the study sample. In light of the results obtained, the researchers recommended the following: 1- The actual implementation of the contents of the Professionalism Law by transforming sports clubs into commercial institutions in order to reduce the state’s expenditures on clubs and reliance on investment. 2- Relying on the management’s advertising and marketing strategy in order to bring money to the clubs</p> 2024-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE MESSAGE IN TOUAT BETWEEN LITERATURE AND MEDICINE MANUSCRIPT OF SHEIKH SAYYID AL-BAKRI BIN ABD AL-RAHMAN AL-TINLANI TO MOULAY AHMED BIN MOULAY AL-MAHDI AL-TARDALTI -A MODEL- 2024-06-13T11:55:16+00:00 Dr. Abdallah Razzougui <p><em>Before delving into the scope of our topic, which is tagged with: The message in Touat between literature and medicine. The Manuscript of Sheikh Sayyid al-Bakri bin Abd al-Rahman al-Tinlani to Moulay Ahmed bin Moulay al-Mahdi al-Tardalti -As an example- we find that the first thing that comes to the reader is knowledge of the space and geography of the Algerian "Touat" region and its location in the farthest part of the desert. It occupies the same administrative division of the state of Adrar today. During the thirteenth century A.H., its people have known various types of writings, including sermons, wills, travel literature, biographies, biographies, leaves, letters, epic poetry, proverbs, and wisdom. In this article, we aim to highlight the types of writing known at that time in the Touat region, “letters literature." Because of the spread of written letters of various kinds among scientific, brotherly, and official. Although science is the finest and most useful language, the Brotherhood is more abundant. The official form is more precise and clear. </em></p> <p><em>This is what led us to open up to the scientific letter written by Sheikh Sayyid al-Bakri bin Abd al-Rahman al-Tinlani to Moulay Ahmed bin Moulay al-Mahdi al-Tardalti and the medical instructions contained within it, centred around the substance antimony (kohl), its properties, and how and for what reasons to use it? What are its most prominent benefits and harms? -Study and investigation- </em></p> 2024-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024