Social Support, Gratitude, and Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Disease in Yogyakarta, Indonesia by R.R. Indahria Sulistyarini & Dr. Yuli Andriansyah

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to analyze factors that affect the quality of life for patients with chronic disease. The research focused on social support and gratitude, as primary factors that influence “quality of life” among patients. Social support and gratitude are hypothesized to have significant positive correlation with patients’ quality of life. The subjects of research were patients with type 1 diabetes, kidney failure, and hypertension who have been diagnosed for at least six months. The research was conducted on 152 subjects, 85 males and 67 females. The study used WHOOOL-BREF from WHO, gratitude scale (Brief Report Psychological Measures of Islamic Gratitude (PMIG)), based on Al-Jawziyyah’s gratitude theory and social support scale (Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS)). Data were analyzed using regression, and the result showed correlation between social support and quality of life of chronic disease patients.

 

Building Leadership Attitudes in Students: Mentoring More Than Just Leadership Skills by Sharon Antonia Stringer & Michael L. Raulin

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to highlight three tools teachers can use to build essential attitudes in developing leadership practices among students in classrooms, including (1) effective use of silence, pauses, and dialogue, (2) inclusion of counter storytelling, and (3) provision of ongoing examples of positive deviance. These three tools encourage teachers and students to think differently about leadership as a way to help resolve competing tensions or values, particularly for working-class and first-generation college students.  Integrating such allegiances builds qualities of wisdom and sound judgment in addition to the traditional social and cognitive skills often associated with leadership.

 

The Senior Concerns Survey: An Exploratory Factor Analysis with College Seniors and Nontraditional Students by Jennifer L. Schriver

Abstract

  The Senior Concerns Survey (SCS) was developed to identify the types of concerns reported by college seniors in anticipation of making the transition from college. Exploratory factor analysis with the SCS in a sample of 320 seniors resulted in three factors with more coherent themes than in its original development.  The three-factor structure was not a good fit for nontraditional students, who may have different stressors than traditional students as they approach graduation. Implications for advising college seniors and nontraditional students are discussed.

 

Statistical Errors in Major Journals: Two Case Studies Used in a Basic Statistics Class to Assess Understanding of Applied Statistics by Walter R. Schumm, Duane W. Crawford, Mary M. Fawver, Nevada K. Gray, Zackery M. Niess, & Abigail D. Wagner

Abstract

Misreporting of statistical results has remained a problem in the social science literature.  Here two studies, reported in prestigious journals, and cited since 2016 over 255 times, involving the mental health of transgender children were examined for any possible statistical concerns.  Some statistical results were misreported and major gaps in data presentation occurred, mainly with respect to the reporting of standard deviations and effect sizes, but also with respect to the percentage of clinical levels of depression or anxiety across the three groups of children.  Neither study used controls for social desirability response bias.  If meta-analyses of such articles incorporated these types of errors, it might lead to incorrect meta-analytic conclusions.  Thus, we think it is fair to conclude that the scientific literature is not immune to misreporting of statistics or the absence of statistical information needed to allow other scientists to perform thorough meta-analyses.  Instructors could use examples such as these studies to ask students if they could locate various statistical errors, inconsistencies, or important missing information, as a check on their level of understanding of what they have been taught about research methods or statistics. 

 

A Cross-Sectional Examination of Optimism in a Generation Y Sample by Abigail Johnson, Duke D. Biber, & Daniel R. Czech

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between optimism, race, gender, and school classification in a Generation Y sample. The study was a quantitative, quasi-experimental, cross-sectional descriptive study. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire as well as the Life Orientation Test. T-tests and ANOVAs were used to determine if significant differences in the demographic characteristic variables were present between gender, race, and school classification. Although there were no significant differences between gender and optimism, there were significant differences in optimism between race and school classification. Future research and suggestions on optimism are discussed.

 

 

The Learning Styles Approach to Math Instruction: Improving Math Achievement and Motivation Among Low Achievers in Kuwaiti Elementary Schools by Dr. Eisa M. Al-Balhan & Dr. Mamdouh M. Soliman

Abstract

This study introduced learning styles techniques into mathematics teaching to improve mathematics achievement and motivation among Kuwaiti fourth- and fifth-grade low achievers. The control group (N=212) received traditional textbook instruction. The experimental group (N=209) received math tutoring from instructors trained in the Learning Style approach. Motivation Scale towards Mathematics; Achievement in Mathematics Test; and the manual of learning style approach indicating the individual’s preferred learning style: AKV, AVK, KAV, KVA, VAK, or VKA were used. Participating teachers taught to the learning style of each student or group. The findings show significant improvement in achievement and motivation towards mathematics in the experimental group. The results demonstrate the leading role of Kuwait in education within the region.

 

Reading Strategies Used by ESL Students at Southern Illinois University/Carbondale by Rania Hassan Talafhah & Jarrah Mohammad AL-Jarrah

Abstract

Many ESL students encounter problems in reading academic texts because they lack the knowledge of vocabulary and the structure of academic texts. This qualitative case study aims to explore the reading strategies that are used by ESL students at Southern Illinois University Carbondale (SIUC), in order to identify their strengths and weakness, and based on results, I suggest recommendations to improve their reading comprehension. A total of 15 undergraduate and graduate ESL students from different faculties of SIUC participated in the study. In-depth semi-structured individual interviews were made to give ESL students room to describe their experiences and strategies in their own words. The findings of the study revealed that ESL students in SIUC showed a good deal of knowledge of the reading strategies that are used prior, during, and after reading academic texts.

 

Effectiveness of Positive Psychotherapy on Mental Health of Pregnant Women by Samaneh Najarpouria, Anooshe Molla, S. Abdolvahab Samavi & Abdollah Forozanfar

Abstract

  Pregnancy is the most prolonged woman’s life, and the severity of this stress is higher in the third trimester; even stress from the birth of the first child in the psychosocial stress tables is classified as severe stress. Therefore, in this period, it is possible to experience such conditions as depression, anxiety, phobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Positive psychotherapy has shown that it can be an effective means to fight and overcome mood disorders, depression, anxiety and generally feelings of disability and insensitivity. This study was to investigate the effect of group positive psychotherapy efficacy on mental health. For this purpose, the statistical population of the study was pregnant women referred to the Women’s Clinic of Farabi Hospital in Bastak. Because of the experimental study method, forty pregnant women referred were randomly assigned to the hospital and randomly assigned to control and experimental groups. At first, mental health test was performed from both groups. Then, in the experimental group, eight groups of positive psychotherapy sessions were performed and the control group did not receive any therapies. After delivery, mental health was measured again in both groups. The results showed that the level of mental health in the experimental group was significantly increased, and positive psychotherapy group could significantly increase the mental health of pregnant women. 

 

Implementation of Educational Policy in a One Roof Junior and Senior High School in Indonesia by Aloysius Batmyanik & S. Slamet

Abstract

This study analyzed the implementation of a one roof school policy in Wasur, Merauke District, Merauke Regency. The participants for this study were an integrated state elementary-junior high school with boarding school facilities. Data were collected through interview, the administration of structured questionnaire, and direct observation. The snowball sampling technique was used to select the respondents of the study. The results showed that the implementation of the one roof policy in school management has been ineffective, due to limitation in management capacity and society contribution. However, the society acknowledges the importance of the establishment of an integrated state elementary-junior high school with boarding school facilities. Thus, it is imperative to consider ways in which the increase in leadership quality, enhancement of cultural support from society, and development of bureaucracy capacity can improve the implementation of the one-roof policy in the school.

 

Are Wiser People Happier? A Prediction Study Among University Students in Oman (Path Analysis) by Manal Khasib Al Fazari, Ehab Mohammed Omara & Mahmood Salim Al Maawali

Abstract

The aim of this research was to explore a conceptual model that examined the causal relationship between wisdom and happiness components.  The sample of this study included 490 male and female students from Sultan Qaboos University in Oman. Using path analyses, the main findings revealed that wisdom components (life, educational, cultural) had direct effects on two dimensions of happiness (personal and social) and indirect effects on academic component of happiness through personal and social components. Happiness components (personal, social) had direct effects on academic dimension. Further research is needed to investigate the variables that might mediate the relationships between wisdom and happiness.

 

The Effects of Elaborative Learning Strategy and Cognitive Style on Students: Evidence from University Students in Lampung, Indonesia by M. Meriyati, Z. Zulhannan, Anastasia Sri Maryatmi, & Fitri Ayu Kusumaningrum

Abstract

The purpose of this research study was to examine the various effects associated with elaborative learning strategy and the cognitive style among university students taking a course in learning media. The research was conducted in an Islamic university located in Lampung, Indonesia. Data were collected through a random selection of 40 students using the random sampling data collection technique. The study employed the use of a 2×2 treatment design level to test the effect of elaborative learning and cognitive style on students. The results of the study illustrated that: (1) students taught with elaborative learning strategy perform better and, generate higher results than students taught with conventional learning strategy; (2) there is an interconnection between the learning strategy and the cognitive style with each leading to various learning outcomes; (3) students with high cognitive style, tend to make better grades using elaborative learning strategy, compared to those taught with the conventional learning strategy; and (4) students that are taught learning media with low cognitive style generate higher results, compared to students taught  with conventional learning strategy. This study concluded that learning outcomes on students can be enhanced by applying the learning strategy that suits the students’ cognitive style.