Volume 56 - No. 3-4, Fall-Winter 2019
Acceptance of Smartphone as a Mobile Learning Tool in Kuwaitís Tertiary Education Context, By Fahad Alkhezzi & Mazharuddin Syed Ahmed
The proliferation of communication technologies led to Smartphones becoming ubiquitous. They continue to influence everyday life; and have disrupted humanities many conventional activities. They have relatively strong computing and connectivity capability built into their small cases and are equipped with intuitive operating systems, smart sensors, and applications. They have become excellent contrivance as an instant-learning content provider, a prompt and handy communicator, a productivity agent, and can significantly enhance blended learning. This research explored the fundamental factors influencing studentsí intentions to use smartphones as mobile learning tools. In this paper, the modified Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) model was used. The findings showed significant roles of studentsí behavior intention to use the device as a learning tool. Furthermore, the empirical evidence from this research demonstrates that the UTAUT2 model is a significant predictor of studentsí behavior intention to use smartphones as mobile learning tools. Understanding the parameters that govern their customized and personalized integration is the key to successful assimilation of the smartphone as a mobile learning tool. This research reports the findings, which focused on analyzing the acceptance of smartphones as learning tools by comparing the various colleges of Kuwait University.
Cognition, The Key to Experience Pranic Energy By Gayathri R, Srikanth N Jois, Lancy DíSouza, & K. Nagendra Prasad
Prana is the energy that surrounds every individual and is present in the aura and constitute the biofield. This study aims to convey that human aura can be experienced and measured by an individual with proper guidance, using cognitive processes like attention, concentration and sensory perception. Exploratory research design was used and the participants for this study were 180 male and female students with average age of 18.5 years. All students were able to feel the human energy field after learning the techniques. This study showed that energy body of a person can be felt and measured by an individual.
Collectivistic Coping Styles and Mental Well-Being of College Students in Malaysia, By Serena Wai Yee Leow, Kenneth Leow, & Evelyn Mei Ling Wong
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between depressive symptoms and collectivistic coping styles (CCS) among Malaysian college students. A total of 176 (130 females, 46 males) students from a university in Selangor, Malaysia, completed measures of CCS and mental well-being. Data were analyzed using correlation coefficient and regression analysis. Results revealed a significant positive relationship between mental well-being and CCS. Specifically, regression analysis showed that acceptance, reframing, and striving (ARS), family support (FS), and private emotional outlet (PEO) were significant predictors of mental well-being among college students in Malaysia. These dimensions of collectivistic coping strategies were particularly useful to mitigate stressors among college students in Malaysia.
Alienation among Aged People in Relation to Their Gender and Living Status By Bhagat Singh, Orcid ID -0000-0003-4381-8681
The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of gender and living status on alienation among aged people. The 160 subjects (40 male and 40 female aged people living with family, and 40 male and 40 female aged people living with spouse) were selected randomly. Life Alienation Scale constructed by Dr. A.C Vashishtha was used to collect the data. The results showed that F values for gender, as well as that of living status was not significant. Interaction effect of gender and living status was also found non- significant. Further analysis showed that male aged people living with family have significantly less alienation than the male aged people living with spouse.
A Small Step to Increase Indonesian Teachersí Self-Efficacy in Conducting Ideal Inclusive Education, By Dian Mufitasari & Amitya Kumara
The implementation of ideal inclusive education in Indonesia is faced with many obstacles. The purpose of this research was to examine an effective training program, named AKTIF, to help Indonesian teachers increase their self-efficacy in implementing inclusive education. The research process was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the content validity was tested by experts. In the second stage, an empirical test through a quasi-experiment by using the design of untreated control group design with a dependent pre-test and post-test measurement was conducted and participated by 22 teachers. The results concluded that the training program was valid to improve the teachersí self-efficacy in the inclusive setting.
The Effects of Parentsí Personality Traits & family Variables on Aggressive Behavior in Children from State of Kuwait By Eisa M. Al-Balhan & Soud Al-Ghanin
This study explored the effects of parentsí personality and family variables on aggressive behavior in children from the State of Kuwait. The sample of 117 children aged between 6 and 10 years (M =7.79 years, SD =1.4 years), 117 fathers, and 117mothers from Kuwait. The following tools were used: (a) the Aggressive Behavior Scale for Children (ABSC), (b) the Personality Scales Inventory (PSI), and (c) the Family Climate Scale (FCS). The results show that there were significant differences between children with high aggressive behavior and those with low aggressive behavior for most of the personality traits of the father and mother, as well as most of the family climate and its different dimensions according to the fatherís knowledge and the motherís knowledge. Furthermore, there was a significant difference between males and females in the total score of aggressive behavior, verbal aggression, physical aggression, self-aggression, and aggression towards others, with higher scores occurring among males. Most of the correlations of the childrenís aggressive behavior were with the personality traits of the father. The personality traits of the mother, family climate, and most of its different dimensions according to the fatherís and motherís knowledge had significant negative correlations with the childís aggression. There was no effect of the motherís and fatherís education levels on their childís aggressive behavior. There was a significant difference between normal families and separated families in the total score of aggressive behavior, verbal aggression, and self-aggression, with a higher score occurring among separated families, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in physical aggression and aggression towards others.
Specific Learning Disability & Psychological Impact among School Going Adolescent, By Nayana M. Kuriyan & Reddy K. Jayasankara
Specific Learning disability (SLD) is a mental health concern among school going children in India. Considering the need for early identification and intervention, this study has been contextualized to explore the impact. Methodology: Samples have been selected from five schools which are situated in South Bengaluru, India, 100 children have been identified with SLD and further they have been screened for mental health Problems. Results: High prevalence of mild to moderate anxiety, depression and stress is major finding of the study. High rate of anxiety (37%), depression (47%) and stress (33%) among adolescents with SLD indicate the gravity of the problem. Conclusion: Findings underline the need of the structured interventions by school psychologists in school settings.
Utility Maximization and Risk in Multiple-Choice Surveys By Matt E Ryan & Antony Davies
Schools, businesses, political campaigns, and community organizers use multiple-choice questions as a means of obtaining information from respondents at low cost and in a form that is easily digestible. Payoffs respondents obtain from answering questions can range from the mere psychic benefit of having been ďheard,Ē to, in the case of students, points toward a grade. Applying a model of utility maximization in the presence of risk, we demonstrate that multiple-choice questions are biased in favor of risk neutral respondents. We derive a generalized method of constructing multiple-choice questions that both mitigates the risk-neutral bias and reveals the respondentís beliefs about the multiple-choice options as distinct from the respondentís choice among the multiple-choice options.
Is Personality Testing Neglected in Assessment Practices with the Elderly By Chris Piotrowski
A recent analysis of the psychological literature indicated that research emphasis on Ďpersonalityí assessment with regard to elderly populations has not been a major area of study (Piotrowski, 2019). Bibliometric analysis provides a unique methodological approach to study the nature of large bodies of scholarship. The aim of the current study was to determine whether the topical subject area of personality assessment is underrepresented in research on the aged or elderly populations. Study 1 examined the most prominent tests/measures noted in the aggregated dataset of 204 peer-reviewed articles on the topic of assessment, indexed in the database PsycINFO, in studies on elderly samples. Of the 10 measures cited in the Abstract of articles, 7 had a focus on neuropsychological assessment or health status; 3 tapped depression levels. Study 2 determined the research output, in a search of PsycINFO, on the most relied upon tests used in mental health practice with elderly patients, in addition to several projective techniques. Only the Beck Depression Inventory ranked highly; symptom-specific measures of psychopathology, broadband personality inventories, and projective tests were infrequently utilized in studies on the elderly. These findings support the contention that clinical attention to both personality testing and psychopathological processes of the elderly appear to be neglected areas of assessment. The findings were discussed in light of co-morbidity factors highly prevalent in elderly populations.
Multicultural Competency in Teacher Education University By Farideh Hamidi, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
Different cultures and situations are present in every aspect of daily life and in teachersí everyday work. To be able to take differences into consideration is demanding for the teachers and also for the whole education system. Both schools and teacher training institutions need to be organized in such a way that they enhance an inclusive learning environment in and outside the classroom, allowing for positive intercultural dialogue and learning. The present research aimed to investigate teachersí viewpoint about culturally responsive teaching and preparing teachers in preservice education programs with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed. Descriptive phenomenological research methodology and non-organized interview for the collection of data have been used. Sampling was conducted purposefully among teachers from Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, of which 35 were obtained after saturation of data. Results showed the importance of emotionally strong experiences for intercultural learning. Regarding the various dimensions of the subject, eligibility cultural is a set of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors that work together and enables them to effectively different cultural work conditions. In the field of education, a culturally appropriate university is a place for individual development of students that provide opportunities and facilitate the development of various cultural groups.
An Evaluation on Student Engagement Scale for Senior High School Students in Indonesia: A Preliminary Study with Factor Analysis Approach By Hazhira Qudsyi
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the student engagement scale which was already adapted and translated into Indonesian. The instrument used in this research was School Engagement Scale developed by Fredricks et al. (2005) with total 15 items. The scale was tested on 201 high school students in Yogyakarta and Central Java. The reliability coefficient of the scale was shown by alpha internal consistency worth 0.789. Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that the three factors, namely behavioral engagement, emotional engagement, and cognitive engagement have been confirmed as student engagement factors, with KMO value 0.804 (p = 0.000, p<0.05).