DEVELOPMENT OF e-XTVT GUIDELINES IN PROMOTING ACTIVE ONLINE LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: THE FUZZY DELPHI APPROACH

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Ramlan Mustapha et al.

Abstract

This study aimed to get an agreement and expert views on the e-xtvt guidelines in promoting active online learning in Malaysia higher education. This study employ Fuzzy Delphi method using a 7 Likert scale to collect responses of 11 experts in various fields of education at public universities in Malaysia. A total of 33 item questionnaire was given to experts for evaluation. Fuzzy Delphi method was used for data analysis. Data were analyzed using triangular fuzzy numbering (triangular fuzzy number) and position (ranking) of each variable is determined using the'defuzzication' process. The findings show that, response and expert consensus on the  e-xtvt guidelines  in promoting active online learning in higher education are at a good level. The overall findings of the expert consensus agreement exceed 75%, the overall value of the threshold (d)< 0.2 and a α-cut exceeds 0.5. The priority guidelines elements were sorted by priority and were refined by adding and dropping item as recommended by experts.

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