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This article examines the use of metaphors in the text of works of art. In particular, based on the material of the novel by Charlotte Bronte “Jane Eyre”, using conceptual metaphors that reflect the mental state of a person, the inner world, worldview, and attitude to life of the main characters of the work, such as Jane, Rochester and John, are revealed, and the similarities and differences of their character are shown.
In the article, the main position is taken by the question of the degree of representation of persons-conceptualizers who perceive the world picture in metaphors. This makes it possible to study the problem and collect information about the characters in the work, including the cognitive activity of Jane Eyre.
Ultimately, the analysis of metaphor, actualized in the speech of the main characters of the novel, it became apparent that these expressions, along with a reflection of the attitude to life characters, give impetus to the formation of metaphors. In particular, the expansion of the semantic scope of metaphorical expressions used by Jane is a product of the development of her cognitive abilities and capabilities based on increasing life experience.
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