The Role The Tani Groups (Gapoktan) In Increasing The Welfare Of The Family In The Kulwaru Village, Wates, Kulon Progo

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Rudi Hermawan


This study aims to describe: 1) The combined role of farmer groups in improving family welfare; 2) Supporting and inhibiting factors faced by farmer groups combined in improving family welfare.

This research uses a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The subjects of this study were the manager of the Gapoktan Kulwaru Village and members of the Gapoktan Desa Kulwaru. Determination of research subjects using purposive sampling techniques. The setting in this study was in the Kulwaru Village. Data collection techniques are done using observation, interviews, and documentation. The researcher is the main instrument in conducting research which is assisted by observation guidelines, documentation guidelines, and interview guidelines. Techniques used in data analysis are data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. Triangulation is used to explain the validity of data using source triangulation.

The results showed that: 1) a) The role of the gapoktan in improving family welfare are (1) providing inputs to farming; (2) providing capital; (3) providing irrigation water; (4) providing information; (5) marketing agricultural products collectively; (6) regulating farmer groups and agricultural activities; (7) increasing food security; and (8) regulates the rural economy. b) Efforts by Gapoktan in improving family welfare are through: (1) skills training; (2) counseling. c) (1) The situation of the farming community after the farmer group union: from the implementation of training and extension activities the community has the ability to empower the community and there has been an increase in the welfare of the farming community. (2) The situation of farming families in meeting the needs of clothing, shelter, and food has been fulfilled and the education of children has also reached the level of high school. 2) a) Supporting factors are (1) participation of Gapoktan members; (2) the existence of adequate technology; (3) there is motivation from the management and members of Gapoktan. b) The inhibiting factors are (1) lack of capital; (2) low human resources.

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