The State of the Art of Key Public Service Provision-related Laws under Digital Economy in Thailand

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Srirath Gohwong


 To promote good governance in Thai state agencies under the digital economy, a huge number of laws was promulgated in Royal Thai Government Gazette as troubleshooting tools for the problem of Caveamus Expertum, opportunism, and ineffectiveness of Thai state agencies. However, there was no systematic study of the arts of these laws under a digital setting. This study's objective was to investigate the state of the art of key public service provision-related laws under the digital setting. Documentary research was employed in this study. The findings revealed that 106 key laws consisted of 59 IT-based laws (55.7%), 24 public and private laws (22.6%), 17 money-oriented laws (16.0%) and 6 planning-related laws (5.7%). There are five issues as follows: (1) the 106 laws revealed that Thai state agencies under Digital Economy still employed the Weberian model, (2) centralization by a comprehensive network of laws was the Thai state agencies' strategy for controlling their general public administration -based and IT-based affairs, (3) general public administration - based affairs were regulated by a set of laws in order to promote good governance in the public sector, (4) IT-based affairs were also regulated by a set of laws in the following areas: database, data governance in the public sector, knowledge management, e-government, and cybersecurity; telecommunication; monitoring and controlling of money supply and money transfer in a cashless society and digital economy, (5) the 106 laws lessened the complexity of Thai state agencies' setting, both within and beyond Thailand's jurisdiction. Though many laws reduced Caveamus Expertum, opportunism, they also led to ineffectiveness in Thai public administration.

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