The Development of Muay Thai Learning Management Plan According to Cognitive Behavior Modification Concept for Reducing Aggressive Behavior of Lower Secondary School Students

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Nirut Sukdee, et. al.


The objective of this study was to develop Muay Thai learning management plan according to cognitive behavior modification concept for
reducing aggressive behavior of lower secondary school students. In this study, 60 lower secondary school students aged 13-15 were selected by
stratified random sampling and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Each included 30 students. The research
instruments consisted of (1) the interview form, (2) the assessment form on students’ aggressive behavior, (3) observation and note-taking form,
and (4) the Muay Thai learning management plan. The learning management plan was applied to the experimental group for 16 weeks, one
session per week, and 50 minutes per each. Both groups were assessed before the experiment as a pre-test, during the 8-week trial, and lastly in
the 16th week of the experiment. Findings were statistically analyzed with Two-way ANOVA repeated measures and One-way ANOVA
repeated measures.
The research results were as follows:
1. The Muay Thai learning management plan consists of 16 learning management plans, five teaching steps: preparation and physical fitness
development, explanation and demonstration, practice, implementation, and summary. The physical education learning management and
practiced cognitive behavior techniques consisting of thought-stopping, mental arithmetic counting, self-taught, muscle relaxation, and positive
reinforcement indicated that an index of item objective congruence was 0.90 (IOC=0.90).
2. The Muay Thai learning management plan according to cognitive behavior modification concept was effective in decreasing aggressive
behavior of the experimental group students during the 8-week trial and the post-trial when comparing with the results of the pre-trial. The
results were statistically significantly different at .05. However, in terms of the control group, they were not different

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