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This study aimed to develop a valid instrument to measure the leadership attributes of women as decision-makers, focusing on public servants in government ministries in Malaysia. The study analyzed the reliability and validity of instruments using the Rasch measurement model. Leadership attributes were assessed based on three main constructs: leadership self-efficacy, leadership traits, and leadership skills. Questionnaires were distributed to 376 randomly selected female public servants in 23 ministries in Malaysia and aspects such as the item and person reliability, the separation between items and respondents, the polarity of items, item fit, local independence, and unidimensionality were assessed. The results demonstrated that 71 items were useful to measure the three constructs. Future research should cross-examine the developed instrument across groups in government-linked companies in Malaysia and the private sectors.
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